Hope and Certainty

Vaclev Havel

Hope is an orientation of the spirit, an orientation of the heart. It is not the conviction that something will turn out well, but the certainty that something makes sense regardless of how it turns out.

Vaclev Havel
Twice President of Czechoslovakia


Optimism is a Strategy

Noam Chomsky

Optimism is a strategy for making a better future.

Because unless you believe that the future can be better you are unlikely to step up and take responsibility for making it so.

If you assume there is no hope, you guarantee there will be no hope.

If you assume there is an instinct for for freedom, there are opportunities to change things, there’s a chance you may contribute to making a better world.

The choice is yours.See it at Amazon

–Noam Chomsky
American linguist and political activist

Memento Motive


I can only hope you will realize the import of what you are doing. And if you do, your path will be easy–easy because you will take delight in difficulties and you will laugh in hope when everybody is in despair.